Mines of Mendip


Introduction

  These pages aren't meant to be a comprehensive guide to the mines & mining history on the Mendip Hills, more simply a basic guide to the location of the mines and references to publications where more detail can be found.

  The mines on Mendip are notable in that they were often extensions of existing caving systems or simply intersected natural passageways as they were worked.  Many of the mines were simply surface workings, leaving behind what is known as 'gruffy ground' although several ran deep underground.

  There has been no comprehensive work on the mines and their remains in this area.  W.J. Goughs 'Mines of Mendip' covers their history, while several papers published by various spelaeological/caving groups such as the Bristol Exploration Club & University of Bristol Spelaeological Society tend to cover some specific sites.  Likewise there has previously been no attempt to combine these two approaches - in the fullness of time it is hoped that this work will breach this void.



 
The Mines of The Mendip Hills & Surrounding Area
Mine & Mining Company Names Location, References, Photos & Maps
Axbridge Ochre Mine NGR ST 4312 5510
 - British Caver 21, pp. 65-72 
 - Mendip Underground, A Caver's Guide, Irwin, D.J. & Jarrett, A., 3rd Edn., 1993 pp.  19-20 
Survey: BEC 1976
Buddles Wood Mine  Near Chewton Mendip 
 - Somerset Mines Research Group Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2, July 1981, pp.15, Photo.
Burrington Ham NGR ST 48? 58?
 - The Mines of Mendip, J.W.Gough,1967 pp. 211 
 - Somerset Mines Research Group Journal, Vol. 1, No. 3, February 1982, pp. 40, 43
Compton Martin Ochre Mine  NGR ST 5419 5670
A.Legg, Survey Notes, MNRC Newsletter No.40 (April 1993). 
D.B.Manley, Further Notes on Compton Martin Ochre Mine, SMCC Journal 6(2) pp. 10-12 (1976) 
F.B.A.Welch, The Geology of the Country around Wells & Cheddar, Memoirs of the Geological Survey, HMSO,1965, pp. 74 & 165. 
J.W.Gough, The Mines of Mendip, 1967 pp. 249-250 
M.T.Mills, Compton Martin Ochre Mine, SMCC Journal 6(2) pp. 6-9 (1976) 
Mendip Underground, A Caver's Guide, Irwin, D.J. & Jarrett, A., 3rd Edn., 1993 pp.  38-39 
Survey: MNRC (1992)
Devil's Cave Mine 
(Bath Stone)
Mendip Underground, A Caver's Guide, Irwin, D.J. & Jarrett, A., 3rd Edn., 1993 pp.  48
Dolebury Levvy NGR ST 4502 5873 
J.W.Gough, The Mines of Mendip, 1967 pp. 173, 243-245. 
Mendip Underground, A Caver's Guide, Irwin, D.J. & Jarrett, A., 3rd Edn., 1993 pp.  48-49. 
East Harptree Lead Smelting Co. NGR ST 554 547
The Mining Journal, 1869-71
 
 
Smelt Works Chimney - April 2000
First Edition 1:10,560 County Series O.S. (circa. 1888)
 
Elborough Mine Elborough Hill, near Banwell 
Somerset Mines Research Group Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, December 1980, pp. 2-3.  Bickford's Shaft & 
 Vivian's Shaft 
The Mining Journal, 1846 - 22.8, 31.10, 7.11.  1847 - 23.1, 10.7, 17.7
Great Maple Mine NGR ST 3877 5866
Mendip Underground, A Caver's Guide, Irwin, D.J. & Jarrett, A., 3rd Edn., 1993 pp.  81 
Survey: C.Richards (1976)
Grebe Swallet Mine NGR ST 5044 5550 
Proc. Univ. Bristol Spelaeol. Soc., 1991 19 (1) pp. 43-65
Lamb Leer Cavern NGR ST 5432 5506 
H.E.Balch, Mendip - its Swallet Caves and Rock Shelters  (1948) pp. 38-49. 
H.Murrel, A Very Great Vault, WCC Journal 3(45) pp. 7-11    -1954 
Johnson, Peter, 'The History of Mendip Caving', 1967, pp.81-93 Description & Survey. 
M.Hesleden, In Search of Palmers, WCC Journal 11(136) pp. 285-288. 
Mendip Underground, A Caver's Guide, Irwin, D.J. & Jarrett, A., 3rd Edn., 1993 pp.  88-91. 
MNRC Journal 2(1) Lamb Leer I(1965) & 2(2) Lamb Leer II    (1966). 
Proc. Univ. Bristol Spelaeol. Soc., 1961 9 (3) pp. 183-187 1961-62., T.R.Shaw Lamb Leer in the 17th Century 
Survey: MNRC (1962-66), MNRC Journal 2(2).
Little Downs, Ebbor Rocks The Mining Journal, 1856-71 
Ebbor Rocks Mineral and Mining Co. Ltd. The Mining Journal, 1860, pp. 213, 297, 333, 375, 377, 777. 
Middle Hope, Kewstoke NGR ST 342 665
J.W.Gough, The Mines of Mendip, 1967 pp. 172 
Skinners MSS 
Somerset Mines Research Group Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2, July 1981, pp. 21-22 
Ore's Close Ore's Close Farm, Hillgrove 
Article by Tim Guilford OUCC 
Pen Park Hole NGR ST 5852 7920 
Pen Park Hole Proc. Univ. Bristol Spelaeol. Soc., 1993 19 (3), 291-311 'Pen Park Hole, Bristol, A Reassessment', G.J. Mullan. 
Sandford Levvy NGR ST 4290 5935
H.E.Balch, Mendip - its Swallet Caves and Rock Shelters (1948) pp. 99-102. 
J.Rutter, Deliniations of the North Western Division of the County of Somerset and its Antideluvian Bone Caverns (1829) pp. 109 
J.W.Gough, The Mines of Mendip, 1967 pp.   9, 173. 
Mendip Underground, A Caver's Guide, Irwin, D.J. & Jarrett, A., 3rd Edn., 1993 pp. 144-145 
Survey: SMCC (1977) 
Shipham (Calamine Mining) NGR ST 445 575
J.W.Gough, The Mines of Mendip, 1967 pp. 223-227.
Somerset Mines Research Group Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1, July 1983, pp.1-7
Somerset Mines Research Group Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2, July 1981, pp.25
Simond's Mine (Cavers Name) NGR ST 570 478
Somerset Mines Research Group Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, December 1980, pp. 7.  Nr West end of Haydon Drove, top of east bank. 
Singing River Mine NGR ST 4447 5736 
C.Richard, Singing River Mine, ACG Newsletters pp. 34-38,50- 51, & 81-84 (1971). 
Mendip Underground, A Caver's Guide, Irwin, D.J. & Jarrett, A., 3rd Edn., 1993 pp. 150-152. 
Somerset Mines Research Group Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2, July 1981, pp. 20 Visit to, nr Shipham 
Somerset Mines Research Group Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1, July 1982, pp. 6  150 yds East of St. Leonards Church 
Survey: ACG(1971) 
Single-Way Mine Mendip Underground, A Caver's Guide, Irwin, D.J. & Jarrett, A., 3rd Edn., 1993 pp. 153. 
St. Cuthberts Lead Smelting Co.  The Mining Journal, 1862-64,1866,1867 
Tor Hole Area NGR ST 574 520 
Tor Hole Area Somerset Mines Research Group Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2, July 1981
Ubley's Rake Somerset Mines Research Group Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, December 1980, pp. 6-7 
Unknown Somerset Mines Research Group Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, December 1980, pp. 3.  Pb mine 4 mile to NE of Elborough. 
Waldergrave Lead Works, Priddy Somerset Mines Research Group Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1, July 1982, unpag. Photo, 1910
Waterwheel Swallet NGR ST 5048 5564 
Mendip Underground, A Caver's Guide, Irwin, D.J. & Jarrett, A., 3rd Edn., 1993 pp. 199 
Proc. Univ. Bristol Spelaeol. Soc., 1987 18 (1), pp. 3-19 'Waterwheel Swallet, Charterhouse-On-Mendip' W.I. Stanton 
Proc. Univ. Bristol Spelaeol. Soc., 1987 18 (1), pp. 4 Survey 'Waterwheel Swallet, Charterhouse-On-Mendip' 
Winford Redding Pits NGR ST 5342 6370 
J.Beauchamp, Redding Pits, Winford, MCG Newsletter (197) pp. 1- 2 (1987). 
Mendip Underground, A Caver's Guide, Irwin, D.J. & Jarrett, A., 3rd Edn., 1993 pp. 205-206. 
Survey: MCG (1987) Newsletter (1987) pp. 2. 
Worle Hill, Weston Super Mare NGR ST 32 62
Somerset Mines Research Group Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2, July 1981 
Woodspring Museum, Weston super Mare. GENERAL REF Descent No 46 pp. 46

Other References :


Any further contributions/additions to the above lists will be most welcome, and duly acknowledged.
(Many thanks to Mike Breakspear who provided several of the above references.)

[ Mines Research & Exploration Page | Home Page ]

© Mike Munro
This page last updated 26th January 2004


Disclaimer
Whilst every care is taken in researching and presenting the information contained within these pages,
I can accept no responsibility whatsoever for any consequences resulting from its application and use.